Wednesday, December 15, 2010

Change Display Resolution settings with xrandr

xrandr is used to set the size, orientation and/or reflection of the outputs for a screen. It can also set the screen size. There are a few global options; the rest modify a particular output and follow the specification of that output on the command line.

First, to show the current setting and all the supported settings:
$ xrandr
This will display the allowed resolutions:
Screen 0: minimum 320 x 200, current 1024 x 768, maximum 4096 x 4096
VGA1 connected 800×600+0+0 (normal left inverted right x axis y axis) 267mm x 200mm
800×600 85.1* +
640×480 75.0 60.0
720×400 70.1

If you want to add a mode with resolution 1024X768, you can enter the following command:
$ cvt 1024 768
# 1024×768 59.92 Hz (CVT 0.79M3) hsync: 47.82 kHz; pclk: 63.50 MHz
Modeline “1024x768_60.00″ 63.50 1024 1072 1176 1328 768 771 775 798 -hsync +vsync

Now you need to create a modeline:
$ xrandr --newmode

Copy the modeline of the previous output to the place mode line:
$ xrandr --newmode “1024x768_60.00″   63.50  1024 1072 1176 1328  768 771 775 798 -hsync +vsync
Now you need to add the above mode using the following command:
$ xrandr --addmode VGA1 1024x768_60.00
here for VGA1 you have to use what ever that was there for $ xrandr output:
$ xrandr --output VGA1 --mode 1024x768_60.00
Running these would change your resolution but this is temporary. Tthese steps were done to make sure that these commands work. Now we need to make these changes permanent.

Now you need to edit the default file:
$gksudo gedit /etc/gdm/Init/Default
Look for the following lines:
PATH=/usr/bin:$PATH
OLD_IFS=$IFS

And add the the following lines below them:
xrandr --newmode “1024×768″ 70.00 1024 1072 1176 1328 768 771 775 798 -hsync +vsync
xrandr --addmode VGA1 1024x768_60.00
xrandr --output VGA1 --mode 1024×768

Save and exit the file.